Response and Decoders

Response

class urllib3.response.HTTPResponse(body='', headers=None, status=0, version=0, reason=None, preload_content=True, decode_content=True, original_response=None, pool=None, connection=None, msg=None, retries=None, enforce_content_length=False, request_method=None, request_url=None, auto_close=True)

Bases: urllib3.response.BaseHTTPResponse

HTTP Response container.

Backwards-compatible with http.client.HTTPResponse but the response body is loaded and decoded on-demand when the data property is accessed. This class is also compatible with the Python standard library’s io module, and can hence be treated as a readable object in the context of that framework.

Extra parameters for behaviour not present in http.client.HTTPResponse:

Parameters
  • preload_content – If True, the response’s body will be preloaded during construction.

  • decode_content – If True, will attempt to decode the body based on the ‘content-encoding’ header.

  • original_response – When this HTTPResponse wrapper is generated from an http.client.HTTPResponse object, it’s convenient to include the original for debug purposes. It’s otherwise unused.

  • retries – The retries contains the last Retry that was used during the request.

  • enforce_content_length – Enforce content length checking. Body returned by server must match value of Content-Length header, if present. Otherwise, raise error.

close()

Flush and close the IO object.

This method has no effect if the file is already closed.

property closed
property connection
property data
drain_conn()

Read and discard any remaining HTTP response data in the response connection.

Unread data in the HTTPResponse connection blocks the connection from being released back to the pool.

fileno()

Returns underlying file descriptor if one exists.

OSError is raised if the IO object does not use a file descriptor.

flush()

Flush write buffers, if applicable.

This is not implemented for read-only and non-blocking streams.

classmethod from_httplib(r, **response_kw)

Given an http.client.HTTPResponse instance r, return a corresponding urllib3.response.HTTPResponse object.

Remaining parameters are passed to the HTTPResponse constructor, along with original_response=r.

isclosed()
read(amt=None, decode_content=None, cache_content=False)

Similar to http.client.HTTPResponse.read(), but with two additional parameters: decode_content and cache_content.

Parameters
  • amt – How much of the content to read. If specified, caching is skipped because it doesn’t make sense to cache partial content as the full response.

  • decode_content – If True, will attempt to decode the body based on the ‘content-encoding’ header.

  • cache_content – If True, will save the returned data such that the same result is returned despite of the state of the underlying file object. This is useful if you want the .data property to continue working after having .read() the file object. (Overridden if amt is set.)

read_chunked(amt=None, decode_content=None)

Similar to HTTPResponse.read(), but with an additional parameter: decode_content.

Parameters
  • amt – How much of the content to read. If specified, caching is skipped because it doesn’t make sense to cache partial content as the full response.

  • decode_content – If True, will attempt to decode the body based on the ‘content-encoding’ header.

release_conn()
stream(amt=65536, decode_content=None)

A generator wrapper for the read() method. A call will block until amt bytes have been read from the connection or until the connection is closed.

Parameters
  • amt – How much of the content to read. The generator will return up to much data per iteration, but may return less. This is particularly likely when using compressed data. However, the empty string will never be returned.

  • decode_content – If True, will attempt to decode the body based on the ‘content-encoding’ header.

supports_chunked_reads()

Checks if the underlying file-like object looks like a http.client.HTTPResponse object. We do this by testing for the fp attribute. If it is present we assume it returns raw chunks as processed by read_chunked().

tell()

Obtain the number of bytes pulled over the wire so far. May differ from the amount of content returned by :meth:urllib3.response.HTTPResponse.read if bytes are encoded on the wire (e.g, compressed).

property url

Returns the URL that was the source of this response. If the request that generated this response redirected, this method will return the final redirect location.

Decoders

Decoder classes are used for transforming compressed HTTP bodies using the Content-Encoding into their uncompressed binary representation.

class urllib3.response.BrotliDecoder
class urllib3.response.DeflateDecoder
class urllib3.response.GzipDecoder
class urllib3.response.MultiDecoder(modes)
From RFC7231:

If one or more encodings have been applied to a representation, the sender that applied the encodings MUST generate a Content-Encoding header field that lists the content codings in the order in which they were applied.