HTTPConnectionPool(host, port=None, strict=False, timeout=<object object>, maxsize=1, block=False, headers=None, retries=None, _proxy=None, _proxy_headers=None, _proxy_config=None, **conn_kw)¶
Thread-safe connection pool for one host.
host – Host used for this HTTP Connection (e.g. “localhost”), passed into
port – Port used for this HTTP Connection (None is equivalent to 80), passed into
Causes BadStatusLine to be raised if the status line can’t be parsed as a valid HTTP/1.0 or 1.1 status line, passed into
Only works in Python 2. This parameter is ignored in Python 3.
timeout – Socket timeout in seconds for each individual connection. This can be a float or integer, which sets the timeout for the HTTP request, or an instance of
urllib3.util.Timeoutwhich gives you more fine-grained control over request timeouts. After the constructor has been parsed, this is always a urllib3.util.Timeout object.
maxsize – Number of connections to save that can be reused. More than 1 is useful in multithreaded situations. If
blockis set to False, more connections will be created but they will not be saved once they’ve been used.
block – If set to True, no more than
maxsizeconnections will be used at a time. When no free connections are available, the call will block until a connection has been released. This is a useful side effect for particular multithreaded situations where one does not want to use more than maxsize connections per host to prevent flooding.
headers – Headers to include with all requests, unless other headers are given explicitly.
retries – Retry configuration to use by default with requests in this pool.
_proxy – Parsed proxy URL, should not be used directly, instead, see
_proxy_headers – A dictionary with proxy headers, should not be used directly, instead, see
Close all pooled connections and disable the pool.
Check if the given
urlis a member of the same host as this connection pool.
urlopen(method, url, body=None, headers=None, retries=None, redirect=True, assert_same_host=True, timeout=<object object>, pool_timeout=None, release_conn=None, chunked=False, body_pos=None, **response_kw)¶
Get a connection from the pool and perform an HTTP request. This is the lowest level call for making a request, so you’ll need to specify all the raw details.
release_conn will only behave as expected if preload_content=False because we want to make preload_content=False the default behaviour someday soon without breaking backwards compatibility.
method – HTTP request method (such as GET, POST, PUT, etc.)
body – Data to send in the request body (useful for creating POST requests, see HTTPConnectionPool.post_url for more convenience).
headers – Dictionary of custom headers to send, such as User-Agent, If-None-Match, etc. If None, pool headers are used. If provided, these headers completely replace any pool-specific headers.
Retry, False, or an int.) –
Configure the number of retries to allow before raising a
Noneto retry until you receive a response. Pass a
Retryobject for fine-grained control over different types of retries. Pass an integer number to retry connection errors that many times, but no other types of errors. Pass zero to never retry.
False, then retries are disabled and any exception is raised immediately. Also, instead of raising a MaxRetryError on redirects, the redirect response will be returned.
redirect – If True, automatically handle redirects (status codes 301, 302, 303, 307, 308). Each redirect counts as a retry. Disabling retries will disable redirect, too.
assert_same_host – If
True, will make sure that the host of the pool requests is consistent else will raise HostChangedError. When
False, you can use the pool on an HTTP proxy and request foreign hosts.
timeout – If specified, overrides the default timeout for this one request. It may be a float (in seconds) or an instance of
pool_timeout – If set and the pool is set to block=True, then this method will block for
pool_timeoutseconds and raise EmptyPoolError if no connection is available within the time period.
release_conn – If False, then the urlopen call will not release the connection back into the pool once a response is received (but will release if you read the entire contents of the response such as when preload_content=True). This is useful if you’re not preloading the response’s content immediately. You will need to call
r.release_conn()on the response
rto return the connection back into the pool. If None, it takes the value of
chunked – If True, urllib3 will send the body using chunked transfer encoding. Otherwise, urllib3 will send the body using the standard content-length form. Defaults to False.
body_pos (int) – Position to seek to in file-like body in the event of a retry or redirect. Typically this won’t need to be set because urllib3 will auto-populate the value when needed.
**response_kw – Additional parameters are passed to
HTTPSConnectionPool(host, port=None, strict=False, timeout=<object object>, maxsize=1, block=False, headers=None, retries=None, _proxy=None, _proxy_headers=None, key_file=None, cert_file=None, cert_reqs=None, key_password=None, ca_certs=None, ssl_version=None, assert_hostname=None, assert_fingerprint=None, ca_cert_dir=None, **conn_kw)¶
HTTPConnectionPool, but HTTPS.
HTTPSConnectionuses one of
hostin this order to verify connections. If
assert_hostnameis False, no verification is done.
key_passwordare only used if
sslis available and are fed into
urllib3.util.ssl_wrap_socket()to upgrade the connection socket into an SSL socket.
ConnectionPool.urlopen() does not normalize or percent-encode target URIs which is useful if your target server doesn’t support percent-encoded target URIs.
Close all pooled connections and disable the pool.