SOCKS Proxies

This module contains provisional support for SOCKS proxies from within urllib3. This module supports SOCKS4, SOCKS4A (an extension of SOCKS4), and SOCKS5. To enable its functionality, either install PySocks or install this module with the socks extra.

The SOCKS implementation supports the full range of urllib3 features. It also supports the following SOCKS features:

  • SOCKS4A (proxy_url='socks4a://...)

  • SOCKS4 (proxy_url='socks4://...)

  • SOCKS5 with remote DNS (proxy_url='socks5h://...)

  • SOCKS5 with local DNS (proxy_url='socks5://...)

  • Usernames and passwords for the SOCKS proxy

Note

It is recommended to use socks5h:// or socks4a:// schemes in your proxy_url to ensure that DNS resolution is done from the remote server instead of client-side when connecting to a domain name.

SOCKS4 supports IPv4 and domain names with the SOCKS4A extension. SOCKS5 supports IPv4, IPv6, and domain names.

When connecting to a SOCKS4 proxy the username portion of the proxy_url will be sent as the userid section of the SOCKS request:

proxy_url="socks4a://<userid>@proxy-host"

When connecting to a SOCKS5 proxy the username and password portion of the proxy_url will be sent as the username/password to authenticate with the proxy:

proxy_url="socks5h://<username>:<password>@proxy-host"
class urllib3.contrib.socks.SOCKSConnection(*args, **kwargs)

Bases: urllib3.connection.HTTPConnection

A plain-text HTTP connection that connects via a SOCKS proxy.

class urllib3.contrib.socks.SOCKSHTTPConnectionPool(host, port=None, timeout=<object object>, maxsize=1, block=False, headers=None, retries=None, _proxy=None, _proxy_headers=None, _proxy_config=None, **conn_kw)

Bases: urllib3.connectionpool.HTTPConnectionPool

ConnectionCls

alias of SOCKSConnection

class urllib3.contrib.socks.SOCKSHTTPSConnection(*args, **kwargs)

Bases: urllib3.contrib.socks.SOCKSConnection, urllib3.connection.HTTPSConnection

class urllib3.contrib.socks.SOCKSHTTPSConnectionPool(host, port=None, timeout=<object object>, maxsize=1, block=False, headers=None, retries=None, _proxy=None, _proxy_headers=None, key_file=None, cert_file=None, cert_reqs=None, key_password=None, ca_certs=None, ssl_version=None, assert_hostname=None, assert_fingerprint=None, ca_cert_dir=None, **conn_kw)

Bases: urllib3.connectionpool.HTTPSConnectionPool

ConnectionCls

alias of SOCKSHTTPSConnection

class urllib3.contrib.socks.SOCKSProxyManager(proxy_url, username=None, password=None, num_pools=10, headers=None, **connection_pool_kw)

Bases: urllib3.poolmanager.PoolManager

A version of the urllib3 ProxyManager that routes connections via the defined SOCKS proxy.

pool_classes_by_scheme = {'http': <class 'urllib3.contrib.socks.SOCKSHTTPConnectionPool'>, 'https': <class 'urllib3.contrib.socks.SOCKSHTTPSConnectionPool'>}